Order of the National Coat of Arms
|Order of the National Coat of Arms|
|Type||Six class order|
|Awarded for||Special services rendered to the state|
|Eligibility||Estonian citizens only|
|Established||7 October 1936|
|Equivalent||Cross of Liberty|
|Next (lower)||Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana|
The Order of the National Coat of Arms (Estonian: Riigivapi teenetemärk, French: Ordre du Blason National) was instituted by Konstantin Päts on 7 October 1936 to commemorate 24 February 1918, the day on which Estonian independence was declared. The Order of the National Coat of Arms is bestowed only on Estonian citizens, as a decoration of the highest class for services rendered to the state.
The Order of the National Coat of Arms comprises six classes:
- One special class – the Collar of the Order of the National Coat of Arms;
- Five basic classes – 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th class.
The greater national coat of arms as part of the decorations of all the classes of the Order of the National Coat of Arms, goldplated on both sides, bears on its reverse the embossed date "24. II 1918". The colour tone of the blue moiré ribands belonging to the decorations of all the classes of the Order of the National Coat of Arms is determined according to the international PANTONE colour-table as 285 C.
The collar of the Order of the National Coat of Arms is a badge of the office of the President of Estonia. Until 2008, the collar was unique. As, however, Russians during the Soviet occupation had taken that collar to the Armory Chamber (Оружейная палата, Oruzhejjnaja palata) in the Moscow Kremlin as a trophy and never have returned the collar to Estonia, a newly made copy is again worn by the President of Estonia as a badge of office.
Special sash (Riigivapi teenetemärgi erisuurpael) was received by Konstantin Päts after his accession to the post of the President of the Republic.
First-class badge, sash and star
- Category:Recipients of the Order of the National Coat of Arms
- Estonian State Decorations
- Coat of Arms of Estonia
- State decoration
- "Decorations Act". Riigikantselei. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
- The Order of the National Coat of Arms at president.ee
- List of recipients